PUBLIC POLICY PLATFORM
INDONESIAN SOLIDARITY PARTY (PSI)
Political party is an instrument to organize a very diverse power of people into an effective force. According to the Constitution, political party is the main institution for the recruitment of leadership in national, regional and provincial levels, both in the executive and legislative. President, Vice President, and members of the parliaments (DPR / DPRD), are all nominated by the party. There are almost no governors, regents, mayors without party nominations. The party is most responsible for the quality of leadership and the sustainability of democracy in the country.
After 15 years of democratic process, the existing parties are not effective enough in carrying out the mandate of the constitution. The people are increasingly disappointed and become more apathetic to the political parties. This is shown in their low trust in political parties, as reflected in recent survey results. Attempts to reform some political parties to respond to the attitude of apathy did not seem to succeed.
Old and new parties generally rely on a single character or a handful of elites, making the parties like family owned. Recruitment of cadres and party leaders strongly rests on the preference of the single person. The party is less willing to open in the recruitment of the best sons and daughters of the nation. It is not surprising that the results of his recruitment do not meet expectations.
There must be a breakthrough from this situation. On the one hand, the existing parties need a strong push to improve the organization and its performance. On the other hand, we need new political parties with visions, missions, programs, management, and strategies that are different from the tendencies of the current parties. This new party should be able to answer the aspirations of a new generation that will determine the politics and leadership of Indonesia in the next 10 to 20 years. This new party should be an example of how a party can be successful by abandoning the habit that has been common practice in existing parties.
In the upcoming 2019 election, the majority of voters come from the young age group of 40 years and under. This young generation will determine the national leadership, who will be the representative of the people (DPR) and occupy important positions in the executive.
This new generation live in urban areas, in line with the growing waves of urbanization. In general, they are also more educated. These urban and educated populations have stronger access to mass media. They are exposed to news and opinions, and are critical of current political conditions. The new party must be able to respond to the aspirations of this new generation.
PARTAI SOLIDARITAS INDONESIA
The Indonesian Solidarity Party (PSI) was born to respond to that new-generation socio-political change, that are expecting the presence of trustworthy, integrity, caring, and competent leaders. In accordance with that social change, the new political generation demand for greater equality and political inclusiveness. Therefore, the new generation tends to oppose various forms of centralism and a long political hierarchy. Consciously, PSI was formed by not relying on a central figure.
The leadership of the PSI is based on the principle of realistic democratic leadership, i.e., poliarchy or leadership by many. The party’s chairman was not given an incentive to become a national leader in order to avoid party politicization for the leader’s own sake.
Those who meets the criteria of leadership are encouraged to become leaders and representatives of the people in the DPR / DPRD, not merely the party’s top leaders at the central and regional levels. PSI and its board produces and organizes these new leaders to meet the expectation of the new political generation.
PSI’s struggle is based on PSI’s four basic values, namely virtue, diversity, openness, and meritocracy.
Virtue. PSI views politics as a virtue, a source of goodness for the benefit of the people. Democracy puts the central role of political parties as an institution that listens and channels people’s aspirations, including being the womb that gave birth to community leaders. The whole orientation and political work of the PSI is focused on initiating and deciding public policies that bring goodness for the people.
Diversity. PSI seeks to reinforce the principle of diversity as a source of Indonesian power. Within diversity, the uniting factors go beyond emotional bonds to their own groups derived from religious, ethnic, linguistic and historical experiences. It is also a sense of interdependence that bridges the inter-group, inter-religious, inter-ethnic and inter-lingual relations.
Openness. PSI upholds the values of openness, both in connecting with the outside world and openness in governance. Openness is a key principle that enables Indonesia to become an equal citizen and equally contribute to world’s prosperity and peace. Openness allows Indonesia to be able to cooperate and learn from each other and at the same time serves as a platform to continue to criticize and reform. The value of openness will also underlie the PSI’s struggle in realizing transparency and accountability in governance.
Meritocracy. PSI’s struggle is based on meritocracy values. PSI will strive to create conditions that enable each person to achieve and obtain something in accordance with his ability and endeavours. The value of meritocracy rewards performance and gives a fair chance for everyone to work in cooperation to reach infinite possibilities. The application of meritocracy values in public affairs will free us from the trap of corruption, collusion and nepotism.
These four basic values inspire the policy platform that PSI carries.
PSI PUBLIC POLICY PLATFORM
As a new democracy, Indonesia faces complex challenges. On the one hand, the challenge is still largely related to the basic aspects of national and state life such as institutionalization of social, political, and economic institutions. People still struggle for basic public services in the form of employment, the provision of educational facilities, the availability of transportation infrastructure, basic health services, and so on. On the other hand, Indonesia must be prepared to face the challenges of life and politics of the 21st century and beyond, marked by increasingly fierce competition as well as the blurring of boundaries between countries.
To be able to respond to these new challenges, Indonesia needs transformation, i.e. changes and adjustment of the institutional framework within the country’s internal scope. Without it, Indonesia will not have the competitive ability to be a winner in today’s global competition. The existing institutional framework and normative rules are the result of previous transformation efforts to answer the contextual problems of its time. Transformation and change are the best way to ensure a large institution called State remains relevant and capable of evolving stronger.
Adhering to the four basic values (virtue, diversity, openness and meritocracy), PSI strives to be an active actor of the transformation. PSI considers that Indonesia’s transformation must start from institutional transformation, i.e. basic normative aspects that provide the framework of behaviour and conduct as Indonesia’s citizens.
PSI formulates this transformation platform with full awareness of the breadth of coverage and complexity of the national’s public policy agendas. Highlighting the complexity of the transformation agenda, the PSI outlines the eight most widely considered strategic and urgent public policy themes: 1) Politics, Law and Human Rights; 2) Foreign Relations; 3) Economic and Development; 4) Social and Culture; 5) Education, Science and Technology; 6) Environment and Tourism; 7) Energy and Natural Resources; 8) People’s Welfare.