One of the challenges we face is maintaining and developing the stability of democracy on the one hand and ensuring effective governance performance on the other. Often the democratic process sacrifices the need for rapid decision-making and policy. Accommodating =various interests in the democratic process is also often seen to inhibit the emergence of rapid and progressive innovations and policy changes. PSI develops an effective democracy that does not hinder the process of policy formulation and implementation.
- Making the executive-legislative relationship effective
Efforts are needed to strengthen executive and legislative relationships. The party system will be simplified either through various formulas of the electoral system or through the reform of the structure and decision-making process in the legislature.
One way is to combine the electoral proportional system to the majority electoral system (district system). The fraction system in the House of Low (DPR) should be reviewed to ensure the independence of DPR members in carrying out their duties. The PSI will also reform the political parties to ensure that political parties are more oriented to the interests of the people, rather than serving as party servants. PSI encourages the change of political parties’ funding structure by providing public funds to finance 25-30 percent of party funding. Internal processes within political parties should be pursued transparently and provide the widest space for public to engage. The result of such a process will make political parties a true representation of public voice. Political parties will gradually be felt as public property, not the few who hold the party.
Legislative bodies should be strengthened, in order to have substantive capabilities in formulation as well as in supervision of policy implementation. The House should be strengthened by improving its institutional capacity. Its staff structure should be filled with more substantive expertise than administrative staff, with comparison of at least 60 to 40 in favour of substantive staffs. This is in contrast with the currently composition of which 80% are administrative staff.
Checks and balances between legislative bodies also need to be strengthened by strengthening the authority of DPD. PSI encourages a limited amendment to the 1945 Constitution (the Fifth Amendment) specifically with the agenda to strengthen the legislative authority of DPD to be equivalent to the DPR.
The presidential institution should also be strengthened. A law on presidential institutions is required that ensures the president to exercise his authority and duties, especially in dealing with the legislature. The president must have an institutional support system separate from the cabinet to have a constitutional institutional tool to support it technocratically (such as conducting an objective evaluation of cabinet performance) and politically.
- Accelerate Bureaucratic Reform
Bureaucracy must be released from any political game. Rules prohibiting the bureaucracy playing politics should be emphasized. At the same time, successive ministers must be ensured to carry out their duties in accordance with the president’s campaign promises. For that reason, a number of high rank posts in the bureaucracy can be used as political positions, such as the first echelon, to ensure that ministerial programs really lend professionally toward the president’s agenda.
The cabinet structure must be downsized to about 20-25 ministries. This number is the most likely number of ministries based on a number of studies such as from the State Administration Institution. Unnecessary non-structural institutions must continue to be eliminated and/or merged so as to reduce the likelihood of overlapping in the performance of government tasks. Currently only ten non-structural institutions are abolished by the government, leaving hundreds more agencies that have to be reviewed for removal or merging.
The relationship between central and local governments should be reorganized. A thorough evaluation of the implementation of regional autonomy is required. The emphasis of autonomy should be placed in the province to facilitate the coordination of local government and strengthen the relationship between the central and regional governments. It also requires a thorough and annual evaluation of all regional policies that may not support the acceleration of national economic development.
- Strengthening Law Enforcement and Corruption Eradication
Law enforcement should continue to be enhanced by strengthening law enforcement agencies such as police, prosecutors, and judicial system. The period 2019-2024 should be a period of corruption prevention. Therefore, in addition to continue the process and program of corruption eradication and prosecution, KPK should focus on corruption prevention program by involving all elements of society.
- National Defense
National Defense is an effort to safeguard national interests, both of absolute interests such as territorial integrity and national sovereignty, as well as vital interests such as ensuring the continuation of national development and sustaining the results achieved, from various potential threats both from outside and within the country. For that, the national defense posture must function to maintain the entire territory of Indonesia as a whole.
This function is achieved by building a modern national defense system through the transformation of the Indonesian National Army (TNI)’s posture into an integrated tri-matra armed forces based on the identity of maritime states, technological support, and high-powered human resources.
Defense transformation is needed to build the capacity of TNI in upholding sovereignty and guarantee the territorial integrity of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI), ensuring the security of the state and citizens, and realizing a dynamic and stable national security for the sustainability of national development.
TNI should also be able to safeguard Indonesia’s maritime security, particularly in protecting the natural resources and security of trade routes, which have a strategic significance for the life and economic development in Indonesia. In addition, TNI is also able to build the readiness and ability to perform tasks in peacetime or military operations other than war and participate in maintaining international peace.
These six defense capabilities shall be achieved through the following five policy programs:
Development of defense institutions and systems, especially with the improvement of the legislative framework and the organization of defense organizations (National Defense Council, Ministry of Defense, TNI).
Modernization of rational and gradual defense system and posture by focusing on capacity building, strength and title, through (a) rejuvenation and procurement of armaments, (b) provision of supporting defense infrastructure, and (c) development of the national defense industry.
Maintain awareness through continuous coaching and training, to strengthen mobility and speed of reacting and high fighting power.
Developing cooperation in the field of defense and security with friendly countries, in order to build regional and international security and stability.
Building soldiers’ professionalism, through the development of doctrine (strategic, tactical, and operational), improving the quality of education, discipline enforcement, and welfare improvement.